EUROPEAN REVIEW

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ISSUE 73 page 9

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stats and facts

 

Growth in labour costs still modest in most EU economies

Although the powers-that-be in the EU still seem very concerned to keep wages down (see page 2) the actual statistics from Eurostat show that the costs of employing workers are not rising disproportionately. Across all 28 Member States salaries rose by 2.1% in the second quarter of this year compared to last. This includes Bulgaria, Romania and the Baltic states which are recording much greater increases after deep falls during the financial crisis. In Italy, Greece and Cyprus labour costs are still falling reflecting the doldrums that their economies are still experiencing. Many economists and some bankers (see issues 65 and 68) believe that higher wages are needed to kick-start consumer spending in depressed regions.

EULabCostsChart

Women, older people predominate in teaching profession in EU

A recent Eurostat survey has found a marked tendency for teachers to be women and to be older workers. Of the 8.5 million teaching staff (from nursery to university) in the EU 5.8 million (70%) are female and 36% are over 50. Only 10% are under 30 years of age. Fully 95% of pre-primary teachers are women, and this is true of every Member State except three, while 59% of university and college lecturers are men. Only Latvia, Finland and Lithuania have more female lecturers. Nearly 62% of Italian teachers are over 50 and approximately 16% are older than 60. In the U.K. over-fifties make up about a quarter of teaching staff and 69% are female.

EUTeacherChartTeachChartAge




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