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Investment from other countries into the EU and from Member States into the wider world, both known as Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), have suffered severe decline since the financial crash of 2008. The latest Eurostat figures show that inward investment fell by 75% between 2009 and 2010 while outward flows decreased by 62%. The level of outward investment now stands at a fifth of what it was at the peak of the boom in 2007 with incoming flows an eighth of their 2007 level. The biggest casualty among receivers of EU capital was North America; figures for emerging economies such as China show a slight increase. The UK halved new investments in non-EU countries in 2009, snubbing the USA, Canada and Australia in favour of economies like the UAE and Japan.
Foreign dIrect Investment into and out from EU 2005-2010
EU population growth slows as both migration and births decline
The international financial crisis is showing its effects in the EU population figures. Although there were an extra 1.4 million people recorded in 2010, a rate of increase of 0.27%, rates of over 0.4% were regularly posted before 2008. The number of births declined but so did the number of deaths so that ‘natural’ factors contributed 0.5 million of the increase; the rest came from net inward migration but this has markedly reduced since its heyday in the mid-2000s. Seven Member States lost population including the most populous, Germany, where deaths exceeded births, and Lithuania which shed over 2.5% mainly through emigration. Sweden and Belgium showed strong growth due to immigration while the UK’s rise was due more to ‘natural’ causes.